Role Of Hazrat Umar Farooq (R.A) as a caliph of Islam played a vital contribution to the expansion of Islam. He has the most pious character in the history of Islam. Muslims knew them for his justice, leadership, strong governance, and most importantly for its remarkable contribution to the development of Islam. Let’s highlight the important aspects of the role of 2nd caliph of Islam from a religious perspective.
The Personality Of Hazrat Umar Farooq (R. A)
Hazrat Umar (R. A) was a visionary leader. He was very strict about justice and other religious obligations. Above all, one of the brave Arabs and even the non-Muslims admit the powerful personality of the 2nd caliph of Islam.
Hazrat Umar (R. A) accepted Islam and then he works days and night like a true devotee of Islam. Above all, he was very pious and generous and one of the best companions of Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U. H).
The 2nd caliph has conquered a lot of land in his command. Besides, also strictly implemented the Islamic rules. Most importantly, he formed multiple welfares and administrative organization and strength the army of Islam.
How Hazrat Umar (R. A) Become Muslim?
Before Islam Hazrat Umar (R. A) was very well known for his bravery. Besides, also possessed an angry character, and people used to fear from the strong impressive personality. Islam was in its initial stage and the majority of people were against the Last Prophet of Allah when Holy Prophet (P.B.U. H) pray for Hazrat Umar-e Farooq (R. A).
The Messenger of Allah, peace, and blessings be upon him said:
“O Allah, strengthen Islam with one of two men whom you love more: Abu Jahl or Umar ibn al-Khattab.” Ibn Umar said, “The most beloved of the two was Umar.”
Hazrat Umar (R. A) was going with killing intent towards the last prophet (P.B.U. H) when somebody reports that your sister and her husband both had accepted Islam.
Hazrat Umar (R. A) becomes angry and went towards her sister’s home and starts beating both (sister and her husband) for accepting Islam. By the grace of Almighty Allah, after all this incident, Hazrat Umar (R. A) gets attracted to Islam after listening to some verses of the Holy Quran.
Role Of Hazrat Umar (R. A) In Early Days Of Islam
Undoubtedly, Hazrat Umar (R. A) strengthens Islam with his strong appearance. Hazrat Umar (R.A) after accepting Islam encourages Muslims to perform religious obligations with no fear and warns non- Muslims strictly.
In multiple battles of Islam Hazrat Umar (R. A) fights with bravery. Besides, he also devoted his wealth to the expansion of Islam. Hazrat Umar (R. A) was very close to the Holy Prophet (P.B.U. H). Above all, the Last Prophet (P.B.U. H) use to discuss with his beloved companion about every matter of Islam. Most importantly, Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U. H) also admired the role and personality of the 2nd caliph of Islam.
The Golden Era Of Hazrat Umar (R. A)
After the Martyrdom of the 1st caliph Of Islam, Hazrat Umar (R. A) becomes the 2nd caliph of Islam. He established a firm foundation of multiple institutes and welfare organizations. Above all, conquered a large area comprises of multiple countries.
Imam Ahmad (17405), at-Tirmidhi (3686) and al-Haakim (4495) narrated via Mishrah ibn Haa ‘aan, from ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) say: “If there were to be a Prophet after me, it would be ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab.”
In the era of the 2nd caliph, Muslims conquered 2,200,000 square miles of territory. Unquestionably, It’s one of the best times in which Muslims strengthen themselves all over the world.
Indeed, Allah has also rewarded Hazrat Umar-e Farooq (R.A) with paradise. He is one of The Ten With Glad Tidings of Paradise”
Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
“Abu Bakr is in Paradise, ʿUmar is in Paradise, ʿUthman is in Paradise, ʿAli is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Az-Zubair is in Paradise, ʿAbdur-Rahman bin ʿAwf is in Paradise, Saʿd bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, Saʿeed is in Paradise, Abu ʿUbaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise.”
Hazrat Umar (R.A) As 2nd Caliph Of Islam
The 2nd Caliph is also well known for his justice and administrative role. Hazrat Umar (R. A) also plays a vital role in the development and expansion of religious teachings and welfare societies.
Governing System Created By Hazrat Umar (R. A)
The 2nd caliph not only plays an important role in the expansion of the religion but also establishes a standard governing system. Some important governing systems are as follows.
Hazrat Umar (R.A) introduced the Hijri year system. Certainly, it plays an important role in the history of Muslims. He also regulates multiple other important religious obligations.
The 2nd caliph was famous for its judiciary reforms. Of course, these were under the teaching of the Holy Quran. Allah has explained every law in the Holy Quran. Hazrat Umar (R. A) established a judiciary system on the base of equality. In the field of justice, the role of hazrat Umer (R. A) was splendid.
Islam always encourages to help poor and needy persons. According to the teaching of the Holy Quran. The 2nd caliph regulates Baitul Maal perfectly and assigned stipend to orphans and the handicapped.
Western historians have written:
“If there were one more Umar (R.A), the world would have only one religion, Islam.”
The accountability system is highly important for an efficient governing system. Hazrat Umar (R.A) ordered strictly to all the governors about the welfare of the people at priority. They are ordered to not wear expensive clothes and don’t keep guards or horses too. Most importantly, Hazrat Umar (R. A) checks the credibility of every governor including its assets before and after the designation.
Hazrat Umar (R. A) used to say that
“If a dog dies of thirst or hunger on the bank of River Farat, Umar (R. A) will be taken to task by the Almighty.”
Hazrat Umar (R. A) was one of the founders of today’s Islam. He has contributed a lot in every way in the development of Islam. Besides, Umar-E-Farooq (R. A) had a very strong and pious character. As 2nd caliph, he has served greatly to Islam. Most importantly known as ‘Ameer-ul-Momineen’ (chief of Muslims) for his services to Islam. Undoubtedly, the role of Hazrat Umar Farooq (R. A) was very important in the development and expansion of Islam.
Hazrat Umar (R. A) was also one of the close companions of the Holy Prophet. Above all, he has also established a strong governance and administration system including multiple welfare and economic reforms. Most importantly, Hazrat Umar (R. A) leads a simple life as a pious person and set a personal example for Muslims. Certainly, as Muslims, we can’t deny from the important Role Of Hazrat Umar Farooq (R.A) in Islam.