The Last Messenger of Allah preached Islam all our world. It’s a long journey with a lot of pain, struggle, and sacrifices. Finally, after Conquest of Makkah Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) gave His Last Sermon on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah in the year 10 Hijri or 632 AC in the valley of Arafat. The following are the essence of the last sermon (Khutba e Hujja Tul Vida).
Essence Of The Last Sermon
The last Sermon is very important for multiple points of view. It’s considered as the final speech of victory for Muslims. Above all, it’s a summary of all the Islamic teachings. On this day, Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) gave a remarkable speech. This speech carries a lot of valuable points and that’s why this speech has a lot of significance for Muslims.
Essence Of The Last Sermon: Social Orders
Islam has established the best social society. This religion always preferred the rights and duties of humans. All these social reforms are in light of the religious values of Islam. Learn more about the powerful social reforms of the Muslim Movement. In the Last sermon, Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) also spoke about the rights of people. A social society based upon the rights of people. Above all, Islam creates equality in society.
Social values make society more beautiful. Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) always encourages a positive and social culture based on truth and honesty.
Just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord and that He will indeed reckon your deeds.”
Essence Of The Last Sermon: Rights Of Women
Before Islam, there were no rights for women. They were considered a symbol of disgrace and shame. They don’t have any rights on their husband and family. Islam provides them rights. Now because of Islam, they have rights on their husband and also duties towards their husband. Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) ordered people.
It is true that you have certain rights in regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives, only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat you women well and be kind to them, for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.”
Islam encourages equality. All Muslims are brothers to another. Above all, Islam encourages peace and kindness. All Muslims are just like a body, every part of the body feel the pain of others body part. Islam is a religion of peace and harmony. Justice plays an important role in the formation of society.
Justice with equality is very important to create a peaceful society. Islam supports equality and there is no discrimination or preference in Islam to anybody. Allah only gives preference to a pious one. According to Islam, all human beings are sons and daughters of Adam & Eve.
“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black, nor a black has any superiority over a white- except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim, which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not therefor, do injustice to yourselves.”
Rights and Duties As Muslims
Allah has created mankind for His worship. A man is obliged to follow the religious duties. Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) teaches us everything about our religious obligations. Muslims believe in the afterlife. We are accountable for every deed. We must follow all the religious obligations on top priority.
Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) gave a practical example by performing all obligatory religious acts. He used to pray regularly, pay Zakat, keep fast, and also perform the pilgrimage. In the last sermon, Hazrat Muhammad((P.B.U.H)) reminded once again about the basic religious obligations of Muslims.
“Listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat.
Perform Hajj if you can afford to.”
Interest on Loan
Islam supports business growth and assists all different business activities. Above all, Islam prohibits interest. It’s evil in society as it creates a lot of a burden on others. Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) in His last sermon also ordered against interest.
“Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest); therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity.
Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all interest due to Abbas Ibn ‘Abd al Muttalib (the Prophet’s uncle) shall henceforth be waived.”
Important Religious Commitment
Islam is one of the greatest religions today. It’s a collective effort of all the Muslims. Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) in His last sermon takes important commitment from Muslims. Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) ordered Muslims to spread the message of Allah to all over the world. It creates a great revolution in the time of the Caliphs Of Islam.
Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) also advised Muslims to avoid sins as they will be accountable for every deed. Above all, clear that there will be no more Prophet. Most importantly ask Muslims about the message of Allah. Hazrat Muhammad(P.B.U.H) at last finish sermon by with the words “Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people.”
“Remember one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone. People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore, O people, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and the Sunnah (Hadith), and if you follow these you will never go astray. All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listened to me directly. Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people.”