Learn Easy Way To Perform Salat Step By Step

Learn Easy Way To Perform Salat Step By Step

Mar 12th, 2020    |    Pillars of islam, Prayer

Salat or prayer is one of the five basic pillars of Islam. You can learn Salat step by step to perform correctly. Prayer in Islam is compulsory, and every Muslim is obliged to follow the rules defined for prayer in Islam.

Here is how you can perform

According to Al Quran Allah (ta’ala) has created us for His worship. He has also defined the best way to perform prayers through His Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H). As Muslims, Salat is compulsory and obligatory on us five times a day from almost childhood till life ends.

The five prayers along with their respective times.

Name of PrayerTimeTotal Rak’ahs
FajarBefore Sunrise2 Sunnah, 2 Farz
ZuharMidday$ Sunnah, 4 Farz, 2 Sunnah, 2 Nafl
AsrThe later part of the afternoon4 Sunnah, 4 Farz
MaghribImmediately after sunset3 Farz, 2 Sunnah, 2 Nafl
IshaBetween sunset and midnight4 Sunnah, 4 Farz, 2 Sunnah, 2 Nafl, 3 Witr, 2 Nafl

We are required to perform prayer or Salat in Rak’ahs as mentioned upper according to Salat time to get maximum reward. Once you learned to perform 2 Rak’ahs with Arabic, you can easily understand and perform all other’s prayers accordingly.

Salat Preparations

Allah (ta’ala) is our creator, and we perform prayers or Salat to worship Allah (ta’ala). He is the mighty power, and that’s why it constrains that we prepare ourselves for Salat in the best way. There are some important points that we are mandatory to take care of before performing Salat.

  • Learn by heart all Salat in Arabic
  • Our body (a neat and clean body, hygiene if required)
  • Our Clothes (Make sure to cover the whole body with neat and clean, proper clothing)
  • Prayer Time (compulsory and important to follow prayer timings, however, there are relaxation in case of any compulsion)
  • Perform Alution (Wadu) properly before every Salat as it’s also compulsory.
  • Place of Salat (Must be neat and clean and suitable for Salat is every anner)
  • Qibla direction (Muslims always perform Salat by facing Qibla it’s mandatory)
  • After completing all these requirements now you can start your prayer with Niyaah or intention to pray after standing.

Step #1 Niyaah or intention to pray

It’s very important as it defines your intention. You need to speak Niyyah in the following words depends upon Salat and Rak’ahs you are looking to perform.

I intend to say 2 Sunnah Rak’ahs of Salat ul Fajr for Allah, facing the Qibla.

Step #2 Takbir

After Niyyah in a standing position, perform Takbir. Males need to raise their hands with slightly opening figures till lobes of their ears while palms of both hands must facing Qibla direction. In such a position, say Takbir in Arabic.

Allāhu Akbar

Allah is the Greatest

You need to close hands right on your belly under navel while the right palm is on the left hand with a grip and 3 open fingers on the upper side of the left hand. (for men)

Step #3 Recite Surat Fatiah

Recite Surat Fatiah

After Takbir in a standing position, recite Ta’awudh

A’ūdhu billahi minash-shaythānir-rajīm

I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan

With the same close hands and eyes on the ground. Before starting sura Fatiah recite Basmalah


In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

After that, now recite surat Fatiah. It is the first chapter of the Quran that comprises seven beautiful verses.

Step #4 Perform Ruku (Bowing)


After the complete recitation of surat Fatiah by saying Takbir you can perform Ruku. In this posture, you need to bow your head down in a standing position with your hands gripping your knees. Make sure your hands apart from the body with a straight back(males)and recite the following lines minimum three times.

Subhāna rabbiyal adhīm

Glorified is my Lord, the Most Great

Step #5 Qiyam

After performing Ruku, stand straight again to perform Sajou’d. Before Sajou’d in a standing position (Qiyam), recite the following lines of Salat.

Sami alla-huliman hamida, Rabbanā lakal hamd

Allah hears the one who praises Him. Our Lord, You are Praised

Step #6 Prostration (Sujud)


Before Sujud, you need to perform “Takbir” again in the same manner performed before. You need to perform Sujud (prostration)in such a manner that your head bows down to earth but make sure that your knee touches the ground then hands along with head and then your nose. Make sure instead of the head your nose touches the ground parallel.

In sujud, you need to recite the following lines minimum three times.

Subhāna rabbiyal a’alā

Glorified is my Lord, the Most High

Your booth feet must be in a proper position as well while sujud. After Sujud you have to sit on your one foot while other reclining positions under the buttocks by saying Takbir. Your hands must be on your thighs while fingers are facing Qibla.

After a pause in such a situation, perform the same Sujud with the same lines minimum three times again.

After Sujud you can stand again by saying takbir in the same standing position. You were standing after Takbir at the start of Salat.

This Complete one Rak’aht of Salat.

Step #7 Step by Step Salat After first Rak’ah

You can start recitation again directly from Surat Fatiah with hands folded on the belly.

You can perform the Ruku and Sujud in the same manner after recitation then you are required to sit after the second sujud in the same way you are sitting after the first sujud.

Step #8 Reciting tashhud in the sitting position

In a sitting position, you need to recite Tashahhud. If you are offering 4 Rak’ahs, then its necessary to stand again by saying Takbir in a first position(hand folded on belly) after Takbir.

As we are learning 2 Rak’ahs, then after Tashahhud we will go to the next step in the same position.

In Tashahhaud you are required to recite the following lines.

Tashahhud: At-tahiyyaatu Lillaahi was-salaawaatu wat-tayyibaat. As-salaamu ‘alayka ayyuhan-Nabiyyu wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuhu. As-salaamu ‘alayna wa ‘ala ‘ibaad-illaah-his-saaliheen. Ash-hadu al-aa ilaaha ill-Allaah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu.

All compliments, prayers and pure words are because of Allaah. Peace is upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy of Allaah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allaah. I bear witness that there is no god except Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger

Step #9 Reciting Darood Ibrahimi

It is the most important part of Muslim prayers. Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W) is the last and most important Prophet of Allah. In this portion, Muslims recite Darood on Hazrat Muhammad and his loved ones.

You are required to recite Darood-e-Ibrahimi in a sitting position after Tashahhud.

Step# 10 Dua After Darood

After complete Darood-e-Ibrahimi you are required to recite a special dua for forgiveness. This dua is as follows:

Step #11 Final Step of Salat known as Tasleem


After completing all the Salat, perform Tasleem.In this, while sitting you first move your head towards right shoulders by saying

Assalāmu ‘Alaikum wa rahmatullāh

Peace be on you and the mercy of Allah

In the same way, you need to perform tasleem by moving your head towards left shoulder and say

Assalāmu ‘Alaikum wa rahmatullāh

Peace be on you and the mercy of Allah



This is how you can easily perform Salat step by step. Rajab is one of the sacred months in Islam and has a special reward from Allah for good deeds in Rajab. When you perform your daily prayers regularly, you will be an expert; however, you need to learn and perform at least one time practically. May God guide you in the best way and strengthen you to become a pious follower of Islam.

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