Laying Foundation: Essential Beliefs of Muslims in Islam

Laying Foundation: Essential Beliefs of Muslims in Islam

Feb 24th, 2020    |    Islam

Islam is not merely a collection of some of the theocratic practices, but also a complete code of conduct for a well-balanced life, you know.

Moreover, it holds an ample belief system that a true Muslim must have to admit lingually as well as practically. A Muslim must know and practice these beliefs. What are those beliefs? You may think.

Well, we will have to go through a short comprehension of beliefs that are mentioned in “Imaan-e-Mufassal”: a small supplication devised by Islamic scholars.

“I have faith in Allah and His Angels, His Books and His Messengers, and the Day of Judgement and that all good and evil and fate is from Almighty Allah and, surely, there will be resurrection after death.”

So, a true Muslim believes in Allah Subhana hu Wata’la, His Messengers, Angles, His Holy words (Tawraat, Injeel, Zaboor, and Quran), Fate, and the day resurrection day. Let’s understand all these beliefs one-by-one.

1. Al-Tawhid (Belief in the oneness of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la)

A preeminent belief that Muslims keep darling than their lives, is “Belief in the oneness of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la.”

“Tawhid” is an Arabic word that refers to the “unification.” In Islam “Tawhid” states that there is no god but Allah Subhana hu Wata’la. Also, He is one-and-only in His entity and characteristics. As the Holy Quran affirms:

“Say: He, Allah, is one.”


Furthermore, Allah Subhana hu Wata’la directs the Holy Messenger (PBUH) to defy nonbelievers’ belief in many gods by answering them:

“Say: He is only one God, and surely I am clear of that which you set up (with Him).”


So, believing in “oneness” of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la is an essential element of Islamic “Aqeedah.” Without this belief, one cannot be a true Muslim.

2. Al-Risalah (Belief in Messengers and Prophets of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la)

Verily, Allah Subhana hu Wata’la has sent his messengers to different communities on earth. They acted as an ideal human being and spread the message of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la among other human fellows.

Interestingly, there is a sheer difference between messengers and prophets. According to the Shaikh-ul-Islam Imam Ibn e Taymiyah, the messenger is one who is descended to disbelievers with a comprehensive jurisprudence, and the prophet is one who is sent to the believers to reimplement the teachings of the previous messenger.

So, Muslims have to believe in messengers as well as prophets of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la and make no distinction among them. As the Quran narrates:

“Say, [O believers], ‘We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.”


Additionally, a right Muslim is required to have a belief that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the seal of the prophets. He is the last Prophet of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la. Also, his finality is mentioned in the Holy Quran:

“Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Apostle of Allah and the Last of the prophets; Allah is cognizant of all things.”


3. Al-Kitaab (Belief in Holy Books)

Allah Subhana hu Wata’la has sent several divine books for the guidance of mankind. These books are like clouds of mercy, rained on the plains of human hearts, and flourishing flowers of wisdom, knowledge, and virtue.

Therefore, Muslims believe in All books revealed to Prophets of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la. We may name them as Suhof to Noah, Law to Moses, Gospel to Jesus Christ, and the Holy Quran to Muhammad (PBUH).

Among all, the Holy Quran is an unaltered truth, guiding mankind in the best way still. Allah Subhana hu Wata’la says:

“And We have sent down to you the book, explaining all things; It is a guide, a Mercy, and Glad tidings to Muslims.”

(16: 89)

4. Al-Malaikah (Belief in Angels)

Muslims believe in the existence of angels. An angel worships and obeys the commands of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la.

Angels are members of an “unseen” world and Allah has created them from light, as Hazrat Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) reported:

“The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“The angels are created from light, just as the jinn are created from smokeless fire and mankind is created from what you have been told about.”


Allah Subhana hu Wata’la and His beloved messenger have told us about their presence, chemistry, workings, and duties. So, whoever doesn’t believe in angels is not a believer.

5. Al-Akhirah (Belief in the Day of Judgement)

The last belief that a Muslim should practice, is to have credence on the day of resurrection.

All Muslims believe that one day all human beings will be raised from the dead and summoned in the great court of Allah Subhana hu Wata’la.

Then, Allah Subhana hu Wata’la will present their deeds before them. There will be rewards (Jannah) for believers and punishments (Jahanum) for non-believers.


Whoever believes in these basic beliefs is a true Muslim. Also, the followers should practice them verbally as well as practically. May Allah Subhana hu Wata’la let us practice these basic beliefs from the core of our hearts?

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